any other way, before the date of the filing of the patent application or the
priority date validly claimed in respect thereof.
(2) An invention shall not be deemed to have been made available to the

public solely by reason of the fact that, within the period of six months

preceding the filing of the application for a patent, the inventor or his

successor in title has exhibited it in an official or officially recognized

international exhibition.

5. Inventive Step:

An invention shall be considered as involving an inventive step if it does

not obviously follow from the state of the art, either as to the method, the


the combination of methods, or the products which it concerns, or as to

the industrial results it produces.

6. Industrial Applications: An invention shall be considered as capable of

industrial application if it can be manufactured or used in any kind of

industry, including agriculture.

7. Exceptions to Patentability: Patents may not be validly obtained in

respect of inventions the publication or working of which would be

contrary to public order or morality, provided that the working of an

invention shall not be considered as contrary to public order or morality

merely because such working is prohibited by law or regulation.

Chapter Three: Right to the Grant of a Patent
8. The Right to a Patent:
(1) subject to Section 10, the right to a patent shall belong to the inventor
or his successor in title.
(2) If two or more persons have jointly made an invention, the right to a
patent shall belong to them or their successors in title jointly and equally;
a person who has merely assisted in the execution of an invention without
having contributed any inventive activity shall not, however, be deemed
to be an inventor or co-inventor.
(3) The person who is the first to file an application for a patent, or is the
first validly to claim the earliest priority for an application for the same
invention, shall, subject to the provisions of Sections 9 and 10, be deemed
to be th inventor or successor in title of the inventor.
9. Usurpation: where the applicant has obtained the essential elements of
an invention which is the subject of his application from the invention of
another person, without the latter having consented to the applicant’s
doing so and to his filing an applidation for a patent, the person whose
invention has been unlawfully usurped may demand that the application1

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