LAW NO. 99-42 OF 10 MAY 1999 ON SEED, SEEDLINGS
AND NEW PLANT VARIETIES
GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS
This Law applies to all seed, seedlings and new plant varieties used in the production of plants.
It lays down the conditions for their production, propagation, import, marketing and the protection
of the relevant rights.
For the purposes of this Law:
“Seed and seedlings” means all seeds, plants, parts of plants such as grafts, tubers, bulbs and stubs.
(2) “Nurseries” means planted plots and fields reserved for the production of seed and seedlings of
fruit trees, ornamental trees, forestry trees and vegetables and others.
“Reproduction plots” means fields reserved for the production of selected seed.
(4) “New plant varieties” means new plant varieties created or discovered and resulting from a
particular genetic process or a particular composition of hereditary processes and different from all other
plant groups and which constitute a unit from the standpoint of their suitability for multiplicaiton.
“Variety” means the group of plants from a plant varietal unit of the lowest known rank.
(6) “Breeder” means any natural or legal person who breeds, discovers or creates one of the plant
varieties or his successor in title.
(7) “Breeder’s right” means the exclusive right of the breeder to exercise the rights afforded by this
Law in relation to new plant varieties.
(8) “New plant variety certificate” means the certificate issued by the competent authority to the holder
of the plant variety.
(9) “Competent authority” means the services responsible for the protection of plants and new plant
varieties under the Ministry of Agriculture.
SEED AND SEEDLINGS
CLASSIFICATION OF SEED AND SEEDLINGS AND ENTRY OF THEIR VARIETIES
Seed and seedlings of all species and varieties of agricultural plants shall be classified in
the following categories: