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person or legal entity other than the author, shall be extended to cover the rights of the
original rights’ owner.
(2) The “work” means any literary or artistic creation under the terms of Article 3 below.
(3) A “collective work” means a work created by several authors at the initiative of a natural
person or legal entity which shall publish it, subject to its own responsibility and in its own
name, and in which the personal contributions of the authors who have helped to create the
work shall be based on the whole of the work, without it being possible to identify the
different contributions and their authors.
(4) A “collaborative work” means a work which two or more authors have helped to create.
(5) A “derived work” is to be understood as any new creation which has been designed and
produced from one or more pre-existing works.
(6) A “composite work” means the new work in which a pre-existing work is incorporated
without the collaboration of the author of that work.
(7) An “audiovisual work” means a work which consists of a series of interlinked images
which give an impression of movement, accompanied by sounds or otherwise, which can be
seen and, where it is accompanied by sounds, able to be heard. This definition shall also
apply to cinematographic works.
(8) A “work of applied art” means an artistic creation with a utilitarian function or incorporated
in an article of use, be it a work of craftsmanship or one that is produced by industrial
(9) A “photographic work” means the recording of a light or other radiance on any carrier on
which an image is produced or from which an image may be produced, irrespective of the
nature of the technique (chemical, electronic or other) by which the recording is made.
An image extracted from an audiovisual work shall not be regarded as a photographic work,
but as a part of the audiovisual work.
(10) “Expressions of folklore” means productions of elements characteristic of the traditional
artistic heritage developed and preserved on the territory of the Kingdom of Morocco by a
community or by individuals recognized as meeting the traditional artistic expectations of this
community and comprising:
(a) popular tales, popular poetry and mysteries;
(b) songs and popular instrumental music;
(c) popular dances and shows;
(d) productions of the popular arts such as drawings, paintings, sculptures, terracottas,
potteries, mosaics, works on wood, metallic objects, jewels, textiles, costumes.
(11) A “work inspired by folklore” is to be understood as any work composed with the aid of
elements borrowed from the Moroccan traditional cultural heritage.
(12) The “producer” of an audiovisual work means the natural person or legal entity that
takes the initiative and responsibility for producing the work.
(13) A “computer program” means a series of instructions expressed in words, codes,
diagrams or any other form which, once they are incorporated in a carrier that can be
deciphered by a machine, are able to accomplish a particular task or obtain a specific result,


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