Total Population: 83 958 000
Internet users, percentage of population: 49.56%
(data source: United Nations Statistics Division, December 2012)
(data source: ITU Statistics, 2013)
1.1 LEGAL MEASURES
1.1.1 CRIMINAL LEGISLATION
Specific legislation on cybercrime has been enacted through the following instruments:
-The Penal Code
-Intellectual Property Law
1.1.2 REGULATION AND COMPLIANCE
Specific legislation and regulation related to cybersecurity has been enacted through the following instrument:
1.2 TECHNICAL MEASURES
Egypt has an officially recognized National CIRT (EG-CERT). EG-CERT has expanded to reach 26 cybersecurity
professionals working in four departments: incident handling, cyber forensics, malware analysis and reverse
engineering, and penetration testing. EG-CERT has moved to a separate facility and is currently upgrading its labs in
the four key operational departments. Additional labs are being planned for mobile cyber security and Industrial
control systems cyber security.
Egypt is currently drafting an officially recognized national (and sector specific) cybersecurity frameworks for
implementing internationally recognized cybersecurity standards.
Cybersecurity-based regulations for the banking sector are issued by the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE), in relation to
internet banking and mobile money (www.cbe.org.eg); and by the Egyptian Financial Supervisory Authority (EFSA) in
relation to electronic stock trading.
The e-Signature Law requires ISO 27000 certification for (private sector) Digital Certificates Service Providers (CSPs).
The ISO 27000 certification is a prerequisite for CSPs licensing by IT Industry Development Agency (ITIDA).
1.3 ORGANIZATION MEASURES
An joint expert group from Government and (private) Industry were commissioned by the Minister of
Communications and Information Technology to prepare a Cybersecurity Strategic Business Plan (SBP) at the